Advanced Surgery and Implant Literature Review

Implant Home


Surgical Principles- I Basic Implant Surgery

  1. Surgical Technique
  2. Flap Management
  3. Implant Stability
  4. Lekholm and Zarb Bone classification
  5. Sutures
  6. Antibiotics

Surgical Principles 2: Second stage: Healing Abutments;
Soft tissue One and Two stage approach techniques.
Abutment design concepts and scientific rationales

  1. one stage vs. two stage implants
  2. abutment geometry
  3. influence of gingival tissue thickness on crestal bone loss
  4. facial gingival tissue thickness
  5. how implants maintain crestal bone levels
  6. diode laser for implant exposure
  7. pouch roll technique for implant uncovering
  8. creating new papillae between implants

Extraction healing- Fresh Extraction Socket Preservation Techniques

  1. tooth extraction healing
  2. Ridge preservation
  3. Cone Beam scans
  4. Bone repair with grafting
  5. extraction socket cassification
  6. demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft in socket grafts
  7. recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2
  8. flapless extraction technique

Advanced surgery: Vertical Augmentation by:
rhBMP with wire mesh, sonic weld, block grafts, titanium reinforced membranes. Nerve transposition

  1. ramus autogenous block grafts
  2. resorbable barrier vs titanium-reinforced barriers
  3. ridge augmentation with growth factor
  4. v ertical ridge augmentation using titanium mesh
  5. early implant loading in vertically augmented bone
  6. inferior alveolar nerve transposition
  7. implants and the use of rhBMP-2
  8. vertical ridge augmentation using guided bone regeneration

Advanced Surgery: Sinus Lifting techniques: direct and indirect. Anatomy, Technique, Complications

  1. blood supply to the maxillary sinus
  2. management of septa
  3. indirect osteotome maxillary sinus floor elevation
  4. maxillary sinus elevation lateral window approach
  5. vertigo following oteotome elevation
  6. membrane perforations
  7. bleeding complications after sinus lift
  8. risk factors for sinus lifts
  9. maxillary sinusitis

Advanced Surgery:

Biological aspects, including materials. Histological results. Success/Survival rate of implants in grafted maxilla. Short Implants and Tilted Implants, Implant survival.

  1. maxillary sinus augmentation- comparisons of techniques and materials
  2. PRGF in maxillary sinus augmentation
  3. rhBMP-2 in maxillary sinus floor augmentation
  4. anorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss) and autologous platelet-rich plasma
  5. histological results after maxillary sinus augmentation: materials comparison
  6. factors affecting sinus graft height
  7. simultaneous sinus lift and implant placement
  8. survival rates for implants placed in the grafted maxillary sinus
  9. membrane perforation and implant survival
  10. use of short implants
  11. implant dimension and failure
  12. immediate loading of implants
  13. need for KG around implants

Implants – Review of dental implants. Historical changes

  1. submerged and non-submerged implants
  2. long term implant success
  3. Periodontal considerations around dental implants
  4. Implants vs Fixed Partial Dentures
  5. implant-supported overdentures

Implants- Biological Principles: Osseointegration and bone interface

  1. assessment of osseointegration
  2. long term efficacy of implants
  3. microscopic evaluation of osseointegration
  4. bone adaptation around temporary anchorage devices (TADS)
  5. biomechanical determinants of implant stability
  6. adaptive capacity of bone around dental implants
  7. sandblasted and acid-etched implant surfaces
  8. implant stability per bone type

IS-3 (to be filled by IS-4 = folder 9)

Implants- Treatment Planning I

  1. patient selection
  2. Implants in patients with periodontitis
  3. risk factors for implants
    1. Diabetes
    2. Smoking
    3. Oral Bisphosphonates
    4. Radiation
    5. osteoporosis
  4. prophylactic antibiotics

Implants – Treatment Planning II

  1. Diagnostic Imaging
  2. Bone-implant interface (Placement and Initial Healing)
  3. microscopic evaluation of osseointegration
  4. Bone-implant interface (Function or Failure)
  5. biomechanical determinants of implant stability
  6. implant stability per bone type
  7. adaptive capacity of bone around dental implants
  8. Soft tissue interface with Implants
  9. Supracrestal Attachment Tissues
  10. Soft tissue healing around implants
  11. Keratinized &/Or Attached Tissue
  12. Tissue Thickness (Periodontal Phenotype) / Crestal bone stablity
  13. Soft Tissue Stability and Restorative Considerations

Implants – Applied anatomy and physiology for dental implants

  1. implant related anatomy in skulls
  2. maxillary applied anatomy
  3. mandibular interforaminal bone morphology
  4. hemorrhage risk in the anterior mandible
  5. maxillary foramina
  6. greater palatine foramen

Implants – Post Surgical management I

  1. immediate provisionalization
  2. immediate loading
  3. Functional and Non Functional Loading
  4. implant stability of immediate loaded implants
  5. Immediate Loading of Post extraction Implants
  6. Immediately restored anterior maxilla implants


Implants – Post Surgical management II

  1. Failures of fixed implant prostheses
  2. implant complications
    1. chronic pain from dental implants
    2. Iatrogenic complications
    3. spontaneous early exposure
    4. paresthesia
  3. implant repositioning
  4. Nasopalatine duct
  5. Fractured Dental Implant Screw
  6. Mandibular Fractures
  7. Implant removal
  8. implants in previously failed sites